Background and Objectives
Delayed or missed antiseizure medications (ASMs) doses are common during long-term or lifelong antiepilepsy treatment. This study aims to explore optimal individualized remedial dosing regimens for delayed or missed doses of 11 commonly used ASMs.
To explore remedial dosing regimens, Monte Carlo simulation was used based on previously identified and published population pharmacokinetic models. Six remedial strategies for delayed or missed doses were investigated. The deviation time outside the individual therapeutic range was used to evaluate each remedial regimen. The influences of patients’ demographics, concomitant medication, and scheduled dosing intervals on remedial regimens were assessed. RxODE and Shiny in R were used to perform Monte Carlo simulation and recommend individual remedial regimens.
The recommended remedial regimens were highly correlated with delayed time, scheduled dosing interval, and half-life of the ASM. Moreover, the optimal remedial regimens for pediatric and adult patients were different. The renal function, along with concomitant medication that affects the clearance of the ASM, may also influence the remedial regimens. A web-based dashboard was developed to provide individualized remedial regimens for the delayed or missed dose, and a user-defined module with all parameters that could be defined flexibly by the user was also built.
Monte Carlo simulation based on population pharmacokinetic models may provide a rational approach to propose remedial regimens for delayed or missed doses of ASMs in pediatric and adult patients with epilepsy.